The UK Government is voted in by the general British public every five years by a majority vote. Of course, they try to push through the agenda they sold on their manifesto during the election period.
Primarily, the Prime Minister, the Cabinet Ministers and department Ministers must work together to ensure the Government runs smoothly. These people often change roles as they’re voted in and out of office every five years. They put together policies and try to get these through Parliament with a majority vote.
The UK Government is held accountable by the UK Parliament, which includes not only the opposition and all other MPs but also the House of Lords. New policies and legislation must pass through both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The first stage is the Commons, where a policy or law can only pass with a majority vote. This then moves to the House of Lords, who must also pass it with a majority vote. If this is not the case, the Lords can make amendments and send it back to the Commons, who must review and vote again with a majority. It can often take a while for legislation to pass as it goes back and forth between the Commons and Lords before a majority in both chambers is reached.
The day-to-day running of the country, i.e. practical and administrative work, is done by the Civil Service. These are non-elected people who carry out their jobs in co-ordination with the policies and laws that the government passes.
Primarily, the Government is responsible for taxes and the national economy, public sector jobs and funding, major policy and law as well as granting and reducing power to various authorities. The biggest jobs tend to be transport, health and education.
The UK Government is held accountable at all levels by Parliament. Public questions can be asked to ministers as well as the Prime Minister at set times each day in the Commons. Cross-party Committees are also regularly set up to look into decisions made by the Government. Although the pressure of the UK media as well as the general public tend to be strong forces for accountability across all UK Governments.