Lesson 2, Topic 3
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Winston Churchill’s Speech Transcript

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Listen to Winston Churchill’s speech again but this time, follow the transcript to hear exactly what he says. Key vocabulary is highlighted purple in the text and you can find definitions for these words at the bottom of this page. 

Video Source: Winston Churchill Speeches. (4th June 2017). GERMANY SURRENDERS announcement by Winston Churchill. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JNTWyqVCBZc. Last accessed 7th May 2020. Licensed to YouTube by Entertainment One U.S., LP (on behalf of Musical Concepts).

Key Vocabulary

Below are key words taken from this audio with definitions. Please be aware that there are sometimes many definitions for one word, it will depend on context. We have provided definitions for the context in this audio. 

Definition: An order to stop fighting in a war

In this audio: In the interests of saving lives the ceasefire began yesterday.

Definition: To stop from having/prevent

In this audio: … they will, of course, deprive themselves of the protection of the laws of war.

Definition: Very bad

In this audio: In pursuance of our guarantee to Poland and in common with the French Republic, Great Britain, the British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations declared war upon [Germany’s] foul aggression.

Definition: The geographical location where war and fighting happens

In this audio: The ceasefire began yesterday to be sounded all along the fronts.

Definition: Brave

In this audio: After gallant France had been struck down…

Definition: The feeling that you want/need more than you deserve

In this audio:  Japan, with all her treachery and greed, remains unsubdued.

Definition: To throw (attack) with a lot of strength

In this audio: After years of intense preparation Germany hurled herself on Poland at the beginning of September, 1939.

Definition: To follow the rules

In this audio: It is not surprising that on such long fronts and in the existing disorder of the enemy the commands of the German high command should not in every case have been obeyed immediately.

Definition: Very powerful and effective

In this audio: We were joined … by the overwhelming power and resources of the United States of America.

Definition: Beaten and exhausted

In this audio: Finally, almost the whole world was combined against the evil-doers who are now prostrate before us.



Definition: Bravery and strong ability

In this audio: … our heroic Russian comrades, whose prowess in the field has been one of the grand contributions to the general victory.

Definition: Approved in an official and legal way

In this audio: Today this agreement will be ratified and confirmed at Berlin.

Definition: To be very happy and celebrate

In this audio: We may allow ourselves a brief period of rejoicing.

Definition: Difficulty

In this audio: We from this island and from our united empire maintained the struggle single-handed for a whole year.

Definition: Attacked and defeated

In this audio: After gallant France had been struck down

Definition: Difficult and long work

In this audio: Let us not forget for a moment the toils and efforts that lie ahead.

Definition: Betrayal/no loyalty

In this audio:  Japan, with all her treachery and greed, remains unsubdued.

Definition: Honour

Expression (to pay tribute to somebody): To recognise somebody for something very good

In this audio: Tomorrow we shall pay a particular tribute to the, our heroic Russian comrades…

Definition: A group of soldiers

In this audio: The Germans are still in places resisting the Russian troops.



Definition: To keep secret

In this audio: This does not, in our opinion, with the best military advice at our disposal, constitute any reason for withholding from the nation the facts communicated to us by General Eisenhower of the unconditional surrender already signed at Reims.

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