Lesson 1, Topic 1
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Past Modals Course Syllabus

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Course Syllabus

Read the course syllabus.


This is the page you’re on now, where you can see an in-depth explanation of what you’re going to study in this course.

We set out the key objectives for this course so you can identify what you need to learn. We provide a downloadable checklist that you can print out to check off the points as you go through the course.


Review the correct grammatical forms as well as the meanings of the most common modal verbs in English.

Watch our grammar explanation video to learn how to use modal verbs in their past forms correctly. You can complete our interactive worksheet at the same time as watching the video and check your responses using our answer guide. All slides used in our video presentation can be downloaded as a PDF too.

Although there is an official correct pronunciation for all past modals, we tend to use weak forms and the schwa. Use our audios as well as our pronunciation presentation to guide you to the perfect pronuciation of these words.

Modals are used to express certainty, probability and possibility. To help you expand your vocabulary, we review some key phrases to express the same sentiments that can be used as an alternative to modals.


Take a look at some typical incorrect sentences with past modals and correct them yourself. Our answer guide with full explanations can be downloaded as a PDF too.

Guess what the news story is using our extracted headlines from various news sources in English. To explain your story, you can use past modals. We also provide the full article so you can read to see if you were right.

Read a series of problems and guess what happened. You can use your new past modal phrases to express the story.


Download our one-page summary of the topic to use for reference. 

After completing the course, you can review your achievements and analyse what you have learnt. 

Take a look at other resources that we have published related to this course so you can expand your English knowledge.

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We recommend using your course group regularly for support. You can access the forums, photos of course content and interact with other course group members.