Lesson 2, Topic 3
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Environment Vocabulary

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Environment Vocabulary

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acid rain

When gases and pollutants are in the air and become rain, snow or sleet, this is acid rain.

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air

A gas mixture that we breathe.

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allotment

A small plot of land used to grow vegetables or flowers.

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bottle bank

A place where glass bottles can be deposited.

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carbon dioxide

A colourless and odourless gas that is absorbed by plants.

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CFCs

Acronym for chlorofluorocarbon. Any compound of carbon, hydrogen, chlorine and fluorine. These are harmful to the atmosphere.

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chemical

A compound or substance.

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consumption

The act of using a resource.

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ecosystem

The biological community of humans, animals and plants.

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to emit

To release.

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extinction

A species of animals or plants no longer exists.

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extreme weather

Weather that is not typical and can cause damage, such as floods or drought.

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fumes

A gas that is dangerous to breathe in.

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greenhouse effect

The process of trapping the sun’s heat in the Earth’s lower atmosphere.

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greenhouse gas

Gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect, including CFCs and carbon dioxide.

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habitat

The natural home of an animal or plant.

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hunting

The activity of chasing, finding and potentially killing animals as a game.

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ice cap

A large sheet of ice.

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industrial plant

A factory.

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to litter

Waste products that you leave in nature.

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local produce

Products that are made and sold in the same geographical region as you.

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methane

A colourless, odourless gas made up of hydrocarbons.

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natural resource

Products that are made and sold in the same geographical region as you.

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Non-governmental organisation (NGO)

A small company that doesn’t make profit, instead donates money to those who need it.

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nitrous oxide

A colourless gas that can be used as an anaesthetic.

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organic

Produced without chemicals or pesticides.

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ozone gas

A gas that is made up of oxygen and covers planet Earth.

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packaging

Materials used that cover and protect products.

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pesticide

A substance that destroys insects to prevent damage to the cultivation of animals and plants.

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petrol

A fuel oil that is put into vehicles.

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poaching

To illegally hunt and catch animals that are not on your land.

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pollution

The process of dangerous gases being released into the air.

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prohibited

Not allowed.

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to recycle

To convert waste into something that can be used again.

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renewable energy

Energy that doesn’t come from  natural resources, therefore cannot be depleted, such as solar, wind etc.

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rubbish

Waste.

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single-use plastic (SUP)

Also called SUPs, plastic products that can only be used once and not recycled.

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species

A type / a group / a kind.

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spillage

Liquid that has flowed out of the area it should be.

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UV radiation

Invisible energy rays that come from the sun.

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volunteering

To do something for free.

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wildlife

Wild animals that are in their natural habitat.